Mewat district was carved out from erstwhile Gurgaon and Faridabad districts, which came into existence on 4th April 2005 as the 20th district of Haryana. The newly constituted district comprises of three sub-divisions namely Nuh, Firozpur Jhirka and Hathin. The district headquarter is located at Nuh. There are 532 villages in the district. Mewat district is largely comprises of planes. Inconsistency in Mewat topography is evident from its patches of land with hills and hillock of the Aravali Mountain on the one hand and plains on the other.
Mewat, land of the Meos has its genesis in its tribal inhabitants, the Meo tribals, who are agriculturalists. The area is a distinct ethnic and socio-cultural tract. The Meos, who trace their roots to the early Aryans of North India, call themselves Kshatriyas and have preserved their social and cultural traits to a surprisingly large extent, unlike the other tribes of nearby areas. During the regime of the Tughlak dynasty in the 14th century A.D., these people embraced Islam but till today, they have maintained their age-old distinctive ethno-cultural identity. According to the Census of India 2001, the total population of Mewat district was 9, 93,617 of which 46,122 (4.64%) lived in urban areas and the major chunk 9, 47,495 (95.36%) of the population lived in rural areas.
The main occupation of the people of Mewat district is agriculture and allied and agro-based activities. The Meos are the predominant population group and are completely agriculturists.. The upper hills are mostly barren. The agriculture in Mewat is mostly rain fed except in small pockets where canal irrigation is available. Agriculture production measured in terms of crop yield per hectare in Mewat is comparatively low. Animal husbandry is the secondary source of income. Those who live closer to the hilly ranges of Aravali also keep sheep and goats. Milk yield is not so low, but due to heavy indebtedness the income from the milk is much reduced, as many farmers have to sell the milk to the lender at lower than normal price.
Mewat falls under the Sub-Tropical, Semi-arid climatic zone with extremely hot temperature in summer. Dryness of air is standard feature in Mewat except during the monsoon season. Mewat experiences a high incidence of thunderstorms and dust storms, often accompanied by violent squalls (andhar) during the period April to June. The annual rainfall varies considerably from year to year.
The deep rooted caste system, that have been in place for the last so many centuries have divided the people into various classes and placed them at different altitudes of the social ladder. It has become part of culture that the marginalized are still under the conception that they are second class citizens doomed to be ruled by those in the upper classes. Despite the fact that a number of legislations have been made in the last sixty years of India as a republic, these divisions still exist. These people, mainly of the scheduled caste, the scheduled tribe and other back ward sessions are given many privileges and reservations as a constitutional mechanism to compensate for the centuries long deprivation and exploitations they had under gone. But these people are not aware and united to ask for the rights.
Even though the Panchayati raj system (The Local Self-Governance Mechanism in India) envisages the participation of all sections of the population in the administration and planning, the unorganised poor, more often than not, skip the Gram Sabhas, etc. Even where the seats are reserved for them, the elected ones become mere puppets in the hands of the powerful.
There are a vast number of Muslims in the villages. The literacy among Muslims, especially women are extremely low. Most of the women are confined to their houses. It is male dominated society. Women have no say in the family. Very often they become victims of social evils like domestic violence, child marriage, dowry, purdah system, illiteracy, female infanticide, child labour etc. The economic conditions of the project area are one of the worst in entire Haryana. The state of Haryana has one of the lowest male female ratios in India. The Nuh district is not an exception. Of all the social evils and social problems, gender discrimination is the worst and the most important to be addressed.
Chetanalaya started its development interventions in Nuh in the year 2006. Within six years there has been a marked change in the socio economic living standards of the people. The villages under the intervention reach of Chetanalaya are in Nuh block of the Mewat district and they are Shahpur, Nangli, Nuh (centre), Sonkh, Tapkan, Palla, Rehna, Palri, Nalhar, Salamba, Aar, Tain, Malab, Dilhana, Bai, Nangla, Tadakpur, Gundwas, Badogi, Sikhnangla and Khorbasbai.
HIGHLIGHTS AS ON 31ST MARCH 2013
- 138 children in Pre-School
- 119 children availing Remedial education
- 53 children in non formal education centres
- 44 women attending cutting & tailoring courses
- 2838 direct beneficiaries of community health intervention
- 75 Self Help groups with 867 women members
- 4 NCP’s to ensure children’s participation in development process
- Continuous legal awareness for women
- Mahila mandals active in taking up social issues